Maestros, Part I

June 29, 2015, 7:00 pm

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The first in a multiple-part series featuring legendary conductors who shaped American music-making in the mid-20th century. With Europe in turmoil, opportunities abounded in the Americas, and many great conductors arrived from abroad and stayed to build orchestras, from the ground up, with their unique voices. This week’s conductors are Serge Koussevitzky, Eugene Ormandy, Fritz Reiner, Pierre Monteux, and George Szell. From Boston to San Francisco you can still hear the influence of these five conductors in all of the orchestras that they directed, and their stories are still loved by musicians young and old.

Playlist

Episode 1

Brahms: Academic Festival Overture, Op. 80
Boston Symphony Orchestra/Serge Koussevitzky,c.
RCA LM 2909/Naxos 8.111283
9:46
Roy Harris: Symphony #3 In 1 Movement
Boston Symphony Orchestra/Koussevitzky,c.
EMI 751182
16:31
Handel: Semele, “O Sleep, Why Dost Thou Leave Me?”
Boston Symphony Orchestra/Koussevitzky,c.
Dorothy Maynor, ms.
Gemm 9492
4:01
Tchaikovsky: Symphony #5 In E Minor, Op. 64
III. Valse: Allegro Moderato
IV. Andante Maestoso, Allegro Vivace
Boston Symphony Orchestra/Koussevitzky,c.
EMI 751182
18:05

Episode 2

Rachmaninov: Symphony #2 In E Minor, Op. 27
III. Adagio
Philadelphia Orchestra/Ormandy,c.
EMI 75128
13:00 (mvt.1 excerpt:20)
Max Bruch: Kol Nidrei, Op. 47
Philadelphia Orchestra/Ormandy,c.
Gregor Piatigorsky, cello
Sony Classical 62876
8:45
Béla Bartók: Concerto for Orchestra, Sz. 116
IV. Intermezzo interrotto – Allegretto
V. Finale – Pesante – Presto
Philadelphia Orchestra/Ormandy,c.
Sony 94726
13:47
Manuel de Falla: El Sombrero de tres picos
III. Danza final (The Final Dance)
Philadelphia Orchestra/Ormandy,c.
Sony Classical Essential Classics Catalog 89291
6:40
Modest Mussorgsky: Pictures At an Exhibition:
IX. La Cabane de Baba-Yaga Sur Des Pattes de Poule (The Hut of Baba-Yaga On Chicken’s Legs).
X. La Grande Porte de Kiev (The Great Gate of Kiev).
The Philadelphia Orchestra/Ormandy,c.
Sony 417202
5:19

Episode 3

R. Strauss: Don Juan, Op. 20
Chicago Symphony Orchestra/Fritz Reiner, c.
Recorded in 1954
RCA 68170
15:59 (00:34 excerpt)
Bartók: Music For Strings, Percussion & Celesta, SZ 106
– 2. Allegro, III. Adagio IV. Allegro Molto
Chicago Symphony Orchestra/Reiner, c.
Recorded in 1958
RCA 61504
20:49
Rimsky-Korsakov: Scheherazade, Op. 35
IV. Festival At Baghdad, The Sea, Shipwreck
Chicago Symphony Orchestra/Reiner, c.
Recorded in 1960
RCA 60875
11:43

Episode 4

Prokofiev: Symphony No. 1 in D Major, Op. 25 “Classical” I. Allegro, II. Larghetto, III. Non troppo allegro, IV. Molto vivace
Boston Symphony Orchestra/Pierre Monteux,c.
Music & Arts Programs Of America Catalog 1182
14:29
Igor Stravinsky: Petrushka – Tableau 3: The Moor’s Room, Dance of the Ballerina, Waltz
Tableau 4: The Shrovetide Fair – Dance of the Nursemaids
Boston Symphony Orchestra/Monteux,c.
RCA 61898
20:59
Debussy: Images III, Iberia 2. Les parfums de la nuit 3. Le matin d’un jour de fête
Boston Symphony Orchestra/Monteux,c.
Recorded 1951
RCA 61900
12:10 (1:12 excerpt)

Episode 5

Mozart: Symphony #35 In D, K 385,”Haffner” 4. Presto
Cleveland Orchestra/George Szell, c.
Recorded in 1961
Sony 38472
3:38
Beethoven: Symphony #3 In E Flat, Op. 55,”Eroica” III. Scherzo: Allegro Vivace
Cleveland Orchestra/Szell, c.
Recorded in 1958
Sony 89832
5:34
Prokofiev: No.5, IV. Allegro giocoso
Cleveland Orchestra/Szell, c.
Recorded in 1959
Sony Classical Masterworks 63124
9:05
Mozart: Piano Concerto No.20 In D Minor, K 466 3. Allegro Assai
Cleveland Orchestra/Szell, c.
Rudolf Serkin, pn.
CBS Great Performances 37236
7:18
Richard Strauss:Don Quixote, Op.35 (excerpt)
Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra/Szell, c.
Pierre Fournier, vc.
Music & Arts Programs Of America No.291
12:23
Schumann: Symphony #3 In E Flat, Op. 97, “Rhenish” 1. Lebhaft
Cleveland Orchestra/Szell, c.
Recorded in 1958
Sony Classical Masterworks 62349
9:13
Dvořák: Slavonic Dances, Op. 46, B 172 #7 In C Minor
Cleveland Orchestra/Szell, c.
Sony Classical Essential Classics 89845
Excerpt