Gitana: Gypsy Music and Its Influences

January 1, 2019, 7:00 pm

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For thousands of years the Romany people journeyed through Europe and beyond. Native music and that of these travelers combined to create an energetic and exotic confluence unlike anything else. Brahms and many other composers took hold of these sounds creating music “alla zingarese,” or in the gypsy style. When Yehudi Menuhin was a student, his teacher George Enescu took him to live in Gitana camps to learn from these creative musicians. Menuhin credits this experience as a fundamental part of his violin technique and music making.

Playlist

Episode 1

Antal György Csermák: Der Ruf in die Schlact from Vaterlandsliebe
Budapest Strings/Károly Botvay
Hungarian Orchestral Music
Capriccio 10528; 0:59

Sapo Perapaskero: Rustem
Taraf De Haïdouks
Taraf De Haïdouks
Nonesuch 79554-2; 1:54

Franz Joseph Haydn: Trio No. 39 in G Major, III. Rondo a l’Ongarese: Presto
Andrew Manze, Jaap ter Linden, Tini Matoh
Piano Trios
Erato 91728; 3:33

Franz Joseph Haydn, arr. R. Gaspar: Keyboard Trio No. 10 in E-flat major, Hob. XV :10, II. Presto
Robo Gaspar Banda/Paul Gulda
Haydn Alla Zingarese
Gramola 98927; 2:03

Johann Strauss, Sr.: Gitana Galop
Willi Boskovsky Ensemble
Wiener Bonbons / Willi Boskovsky, Will Boskovsky Ensemble
Brilliant Classics 99288; 2:32

Taraf De Haïdouks: Dumbala Dumba
Marin a lu Petrica; accordian, Marin a lu Mincoi;
Cimbalom, Faicaru; Bass, Viorica Rudareasa; Voice
Dumbala Dumba
CramWorld Craw21; 2:15

Johannes Brahms: Hungarian Dance No. 2
Josef Joachim, violin
Brahms & Joachim: Hungarian Dances
Hyperion A67663; 3:14

Johannes Brahms: Hungarian Dances: No. 5 in G minor
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra/Rafael Kubelik; Yehudi Menuhin, violin
Violin Concerto – Hungarian Dances
EMI 62608; 2:02

Franz Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No. 11 in A minor
György Cziffra, piano
Hungarian Rhapsodies / Gyorgy Cziffre
EMI 31789; 4:59

Franz Lehar: “Hör’ ich Zymbalklänge” from Zigeunerliebe
Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Milan/Chichon; Elina Garanca, mezzo-soprano
Habanera / Elina Garanca
DG B001477; 4:34

Zoltán Kodály: 3 Hungarian Folksongs
David Oistrakh, violin; Vladimir Yampolsky, piano
Archduke Trio; Schubert, et al / Oistrakh, etc
EMI 69367; 4:15

Sergio & Odair Assad: Somogy’s Dream
Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, violin; Sergio & Odair Assad, guitars
Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg + Sergio And Odair Assad
Nonesuch 79505; 3:19

Franz Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 in C-Sharp Minor
RCA Symphony Orchestra/Leopold Stokowski
Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 in C Sharp minor
– Roumanian Rhapsody No 1 in A, op 11 – The Moldau – The Bartered Bride: Ouverture
RCA 61567; 8:47

Django Reinhardt: Gypsy Swing (excerpt)
Hot Club of Paris
Gypsy Jazz
Not Now Music NOT3LP253; 2:40

Episode 2

Hoagy Carmichael: “Skylark”
Carmen McRae
Birds of a feather
Decca DL 8815; 2:08

Zarko Jovanovic: “Gelem Gelem”
Monika Koré
Gadjo Dilo
Naive NV 808411; 3:26

Zarko Jovanovic/arr. R. Gaspar: “Gelem, gelem lungone dromeja” (I Have Gone A Long Way)
Robo Gaspar Banda
Haydn Alla Zingarese
Gramola 98927; 5:59

Márk Rózsavölgyi: No. 3 from 3 CzardasAdagio sostenuto- Allegro con Moderato
Budapest Strings/Károly Botvay
Hungarian Orchestral Music
Capriccio 10 528; 3:03

Albert Franz Doppler: Fantaisie pastorale hongroise, Op. 26
Ulrike H. Anton, flute; Carlos Rivera, piano
Follow Your Dreams
CD Baby 634479674822; 12:53

Janos Bihar: “Mikor a penze elfogyott” (All the Money Spent)
Robo Gaspar Banda
Haydn Alla Zingarese
Gramola 98927; 3:57

Franz Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No. 13 in A minor
György Cziffra
Piano Works / Aldo Ciccolini
EMI 56228; 8:27

Franz Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No. 15 in A minor, “Rakoczy”
György Cziffra, piano
Piano Works / Aldo Ciccolini
EMI 56228; 5:40

Django Reinhardt: Crepuscule
Django Reinhardt band
Paris and London 1937-1948
JSP Records JSPCD904; 3:01

Episode 3

Lengyel M: “Csak egy kislány van a világon” (excerpt)
Sandor Lakatos and his Gypsy Band
Famous Hungarian Folk Songs
Qualiton LPX 10027; :57

Traditional: “Copza Luca” from Gadjo Dilo
Adrian Simionescu & Orchestre
Gadjo Dilo
Warner 3984-23045-2 or Naive NV 808411; 2:11

Fritz Kreisler: La Gitana
Fritz Kreisler, violin
Kreisler Plays Kreisler
RCA 68448; 3:11

Pablo de Sarasate: Zigeunerweisen, Op. 20
London Symphony Orchestra/Lawrence Foster; Gil Shaham, violin
Violin Concertos No 1 & 2, Ziegeunerweisen
DG 431815-2; 8:59

Manuel de Falla: – “Canción del amor dolido” from El amor brujo
Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della Rai/Karel Mark Chichon; Elīna Garanča, mezzo-soprano
Habanera
DG 477 8776; 1:30

Manuel de Falla arr by José Maria Gallardo del Rey: Siete canciones populares españolas – 5. Nana
José Maria Gallardo del Rey, piano; Elina Garanca, mezzo-soprano
Habanera
DG 477 8776; 1:37

Bulerías Manitas: De Plata 312
Manitas De Plata
Gypsy Flamenco
Vanguard 8018; 3:43

arr. P. Gulda: Galantai Tancok (4 Dances from Galanta)
Robo Gaspar Banda
Haydn Alla Zingarese
Gramola 98927; 8:01

Ian Finkel: The Gypsy Virtuoso
Evelyn Glennie & the Black Dyke Band
Reflected in Brass
RCA Victor Red Seal 09026 63234; 3:26

Joe Zawinul: Stories of the Danube: I. The Beginning 5:49; V. Voice of the Danube
Brno Philharmonic/Richter
Stories of the Danube
Philips 4541432; 5:52

Django Reinhardt – Hungaria (1939)
Django Reinhardt
1939-1940
Classics 813; 2:47

Episode 4

Traditional: Dumbala Dumba
Taraf De Haïdouks
Sapo Perapaskero
Cramworld Boooo24BFX; 1:27

Traditional: Moldavian Hora
Latcho Drom
Sintiromarus
O.A.P Records OAPR903; 6:00

Erno Dohnányi: Ruralia Hungarica, Op. 32c, Andante rubato
Oscar Shumsky, violin; Seymour Lipkin, piano
The Three Violin Sonatas
Vestige Classics; 5:36

Zoltan Kodály: “A Csitári Hëgyek Alatt”
Anne Sofie von Otter, soprano; Bengt Forsberg, piano
Folksongs / Von Otter, Forberg
DG 463 479; 3:17

Zoltan Kodály: Háry János Suite, Op. 35A: Song; Intermezzo
Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra/Antal Doráti
Doráti Conducts Kodály and Bartók
Mercury 432005; 9:37, 1:29

Johann Strauss II: Die Fledermaus, Act II: “Klänge der Heimat”
Philharmonia Orchestra & Chorus/Karajan; Elizabeth Schwarzkopf, soprano
Die Fledermaus
EMI 69531; 4:42

Giuseppe Verdi: Il trovatore: “Vedi! le fosche notturne,” (Anvil Chorus)
Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra & Chorus/Muti
Rigoletto
EMI Classic 167282; 2:40

Georges Bizet: Carmen / Act 1 – “Près des remparts de Séville” – “Tais-toi”
L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande/Thomas Schippers; Regina Resnik, soprano; Mario del Monaco, tenor
Carmen
London 443871; 3:57

Carmen / Act 2 – “Je vais danser en votre honneur” & “Au quartier! pour l’appel!”
L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande/Thomas Schippers; Regina Resnik, soprano. Mario del Monaco, tenor
Carmen
London 443871; 5:15

Django Reinhardt: Echoes of Spain
Django Reinhardt Band
Django Reinhardt Paris & London 1937-48
JSP Records B00005A7KP; 3:08

Episode 5

Joseph Haydn, arr. R. Gaspar: Keyboard Trio No. 25 in G major, Hob. XV:25, “Gypsy Rondo”
Robo Gaspar Banda
Haydn Alla Zingarese
Gramola 98927; 1:14

“Auschwitz” from Latcho Drom Motion Picture soundtrack (excerpt)
Various
Latcho Drom
Caroline Records Carol 1776-2; :59

Georges Enescu: Suite No. 3 – Moderato Malinconico, Ma Senza Lentezza
Iosif Conta / Romanian RTV Orchestra
Romanian Poem / Romanian Rhapsodies No. 1 & 2
Marco Polo 8.223146; 3:49

Georges Enescu: Op. 11 – Romanian Rhapsody No. 2 in D major
Royal Scottish National Orchestra/Neeme Järvi
Bartok: Concerto for Orchestra – Enescu: Romanian Rhapsodies
Chandos 8947; 11:44

Sintiromarus Balaton: Latcho Drom
Sintiromarus
O.A.P Records OAPR903; 4:10

Leó Weiner: No. 5 Csüdöngölo Divertimento, Op. 20
Budapest Strings/ Károly Botvay
Orchestral Music (Hungarian)
Capriccio 10528; 2:23

Bela Bartok: Sonata for Unaccompanied Violin Op. 27 No. 4, III. Finale
Leila Josefowicz, violin
Solo
Philips 446 700; 2:52

Maurice Ravel: Tzigane
Philadelphia Orchestra/Eugene Ormandy; Isaac Stern, violin
Violin Concerto No. 2 in D minor
Columbia Masterworks ML 5208; 8:55

Johannes Brahms: Piano Quartet No. 1 In G Minor, Op. 25, IV. Rondo Alla Zingarese
Gidon Kremer, violin; Yuri Bashmet, viola; Mischa Maisky, violoncello; Martha Argerich, piano
Piano Quartets Brahms Domus
Virgin 61615 2; 8:17

Django Reinhardt: Nuages
Django Reinhardt
Nuages
Gitanes Jazz Productions 018 428 2; 3:18