How Strange the Change from Major to Minor, Part I

January 1, 2019, 7:00 pm

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“There’s no love song finer, but how strange the change from major to minor.”Cole Porter
This two-week series comes from a listener who wrote asking about the different scales in Western music. You may know of major and minor scales, and hear the change of mood that composers can achieve by transitioning between them, but there are five other scales, or modes, we hear all the time. You can hear modal shifts in works by Monteverdi and in the late symphonies of Beethoven, Schubert, and many more. Come with us and explore the vibrant palette of colors that composers can use to set and change moods. How strange the change?


Episode 1

Cole Porter: “Ev’ry Time We Say Goodbye”
Carmen McRae
Sings Great American Songwriters
MCA GRP16312; 3:03

Felix Mendelssohn: A midsummer Night’s Dream Overture, Op. 21
Charles Mackerras: Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment
Symphony No. 4, A midsummer Night’s Dream 2001
Virgin Classics 61183; 11:56

Ludwig Van Beethoven: “Egmont,” Op. 84 – 1. Overture
Kurt Masur: New York Philharmonic Orchestra
Beethoven: Symphony No. 5, Egmont
Teldel 77313; 8:43

Ludwig Van Beethoven: Symphony No. 5 in C minor, Op. 67
1. Allegro Con Brio
Carlos Klieber: Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
DG 41861; 7:22

Ludwig Van Beethoven: Symphony No. 5 in C minor, Op. 67
3. Scherzo: Allegro
Carlos Klieber: Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra
DG 415861; 11:01

Cole Porter: “Ev’ry Time We Say Goodbye”
Carmen McRae
Sings Great American Songwriters
MCA GRP16312; 3:03

Episode 2

Traditional: “What shall we do with a Drunken Sailor?”
Fisherman’s Friends, Long Dan Russell, The Cod Wranglers & Ron Kavana & The Sherkin Crew
Fisherman’s Friends
Proper PRPCD092; 2:55

Traditional: “What shall we do with the Drunken Sailor?”
Robert Shaw Chorale
Sea Shanties
RCA 63528-2; 2:54

William Cornyshe: “Ah, Robin”
Alfred & The Deller Consort
Folk Songs and Ballads
Vanguard ADD 1955-61; 2:25

Gustav Holst: Second Suite in F for Military Band
II. Song Without Words (I’ll Love My Love)
III. The Song of the Blacksmith
The Central Band of the Royal Air Force Wing Commander Eric Banks
British Music for Concert Band/ Central Band of the RAF/
EMI 49608; 2:48, 1:12

Paul Simon & Art Garfunkel: “Scarborough Fair/ Canticle”
Simon & Garfunkel
The Best of Simon & Garfunkel
Columbia, CK 66022, Legacy CK 66022; 3:10

John Lennon & Paul McCartney: “Eleanor Rigby”
The Beatles
Parlophone CDP 7 46441 2; 2:06

Ludwig van Beethoven: Missa Solemnis, Op. 123 (2001 – Remaster), Credo: Et incarnatus est
Otto Klemperer/ Elisabeth Soderstrom/ Waldemar Kmentt/ Marga Hoffgen/ Martti Talvela/New Philharmonia Chorus/New Philharmonia Orchestra
New Great Recordings of the Century
EMI 67547; 5:17

Frederick Delius: On Hearing The First Cuckoo in Spring
Thomas Beecham: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra
Delius Orchestral Works, Vol. 1
EMI 47509; 6:25

Joan Baez In Concert
Vanguard VCD 113/14; 3:38

William McGlaughlin: Three Sketches for Three Winds
II. Variations ona Theme – Geordie Moriah Winds
III. Boogawoogop
Moriah Winds; 3:02, 3:10

Ralph Vaughan Williams: Norfolk Rhapsody No. 1
Bernard Haitink: London Philharmonic Orchestra
Vaughan Williams Symphony No. 5
EMI 55487; 11:36

Cole Porter: “Every time We Say Goodbye”
Jimmy Scott
All the Way Jimmy Scott
aad 26955; 5:14

Episode 3

Jean Sibelius: Night Ride & Sunrise, Op.  55
Simon Rattle: City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra
Sibelius Symphony No. 5
EMI 47006; 14:35

Jean Sibelius: Symphony No. 2 in D, Op. 43
I. Allegretto
II. Andante Ma Rubato
III. Vivacissimo
IV. Allegro Moderato
George Szell: Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Philips 420771; 9:25, 12:41, 5:44, 13:41

Episode 4

Franz Liszt: No. 4 Standchen (Serenade) S. 560
Vladamir Horowitz, piano
Piano Transcriptions After Schubert: Vladimir Horowitz
Horowitz – Complete Recordings on Deutsche Grammonphon
DG 474 370-2; 5:39

Antonin Dvorak: Bagatelles – Allegretto Scherzando
Dennis Russell Davies: Beethovenhalle Orchestra
Bagatelles & Serenade
MMD 60180 Musicmasters; 2:52

Johannes Brahms (1833-1897): Symphony No. 1 in C minor, Op. 68
I. Un Poco Sostenuto, Allegro
III. Un poco Allefretto e grazioso
IV. Adagio, Piu Andante, Allegro Non Troppo, Ma Con Brio
Georg Solti: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
Decca 414458; 16:53, 17:31

Cole Porter: “Every Time We Say Goodbye”
Karrin Allyson, Steve Wilson, James Williams
Ballads: Remembering John Coltrane
Concord Jazz CCD-4950-25; 6:01

Episode 5

Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 1 in D minor, “Titan”
III. Feierlich Und Gemessen, ohne Zu Schleppen
Giuseppe Sinopoli: Philharmonia Orchestra Mahler: Symphony No. 1 1989
DG 429 228-2; 11:55

Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 2 in C Minor, “Resurrection”
I. Allegro Maestoso
Leonard Bernstein: New York Philharmonic Orchestra
DG 423 395-2; 25:09 (CD 1)

Gustav Mahler: Symphony No. 2 in C Minor, “Resurrection” –
5. Langsam, Misterioso “Auferstehn, Ja Auferstehn Wirst Du” G
13. Langsam, Nicht Schleppen
14. Etwas Bewegter “O Glaube, Mein Herz, O Glaube”
15. Mit Aufschwung, Aber Nicht Eilen “O Scherz Du Alldurchdringer”
Leonard Bernstein: New York philharmonic Orchestra,
Barbara Hendricks, Christa Ludwig, Westminster Choir
DG 423 395-2; 4:10, 3:57, 3:34, 5:10 (CD 2)

Cole Porter: “Every Time We Say Goodbye”
Keith Jarrett & Charlie Haden
Keith Jarrett & Charlie Haden Last Dance
ECM Records ECM 2399; 4:25