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      WFMT The Morning Program with Carl Grapentine

      Mornings with Carl Grapentine

      Weekdays from 6:00 am-10:00 am

      Keeping up with Carl Grapentine is a little like “Where’s Waldo.” Some people know him as a church musician. Others catch his pre-performance lectures at Symphony Center and Lyric Opera. Still others hear him calling plays for 100,000 football fans at Michigan Stadium. Each day, it’s Carl’s joie de vivre that lights up The Morning Program on WFMT. He’ll report the headlines, what the weather’s doing, and who won the big game (including the winning team’s fight song), and – of course – he’ll play Bach. In short, The Morning Program with Carl Grapentine is as essential to Chicago as that first cup of coffee.

      Carl's Morning Program Quiz

      Friday, May 22

      Today is the 202nd anniversary of the birth of Richard Wagner, one of the most important figures in music, especially opera. Wagner’s love-life was always interesting. One of his infatuations was with a poet and writer whom he met in Zurich. He wrote a set of songs based on her poetry. What was her name?

      Answer: Mathilde Wesendonck

      Thursday, May 21

      Who am I? There are many clues that could be given about my life and my music, but we’ll keep it to these: I was born in Australia…much of my music is associated with England…but I became an American citizen. Who am I?

      Answer: Percy Grainger

      Wednesday, May 20

      Later this morning we’ll find out the next in our Top Ten Symphonies which were determined by your vote. Speaking of symphonies, we asked a few weeks ago which Tchaikovsky symphonies did not have nicknames. This morning the question is: what is the nickname of Tchaikovsky’s 1st symphony?

      Answer: Winter Dreams

      Tuesday, May 19

      Serge Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes made its premiere in Paris on this date in 1909. A composition by Maurice Ravel was to have been performed at the company but Diaghilev decided not to stage it. Ravel published it as a concert piece to great success. But he never forgave Diaghilev. When they met in 1925, Ravel refused to shake Diaghilev’s hand. Diaghilev challenged Ravel to a duel (!) and they never met again. Ravel called his work a “choreographic poem for orchestra” depicting an Imperial Ball in Vienna. What is this work?

      Answer: La Valse

      Monday, May 18

      Who am I? I was born on this date in in 1902. My wide-ranging musical career began as a student at the forerunner of the Juilliard School. Then I played in the Sousa Band. Then I played in the NY Philharmonic under Toscanini. I then became music director for the NBC Radio network in Hollywood. I composed the score for Charlie Chaplin’s film The Great Dictator. I also wrote the songs "May the Good Lord Bless and Keep You" and "It’s Beginning to Look a Lot Like Christmas." But my greatest fame comes from my 1957 Broadway musical set in my home state of Iowa. Who am I…and what is the musical?

      Answer: Meredith Willson…The Music Man

      Friday, May 15

      Tomorrow is the 103rd birthday of the American author, historian, actor,—and longtime WFMT free spirit—Studs Terkel. Louis Terkel was born in NY City but moved to Chicago at the age of 8 with his family. Studs won the 1985 Pultizer Prize for General Non-Fiction for which one of his books?

      Answer: The Good War—An Oral History of World War II

      Thursday, May 14

      This piece of music was composed on Christmas Day 1896. The first performance took place on this date—May 14, 1897—in Philadelphia. By a 1987 Act of Congress, it is now the official national march of the United States of America. What is the march and who composed it?

      Answer: The Stars and Stripes Forever by John Philip Sousa

      Wednesday, May 13

      The English composer Sir Arthur Sullivan was born on this date in 1842. His greatest fame came from his 14 collaborations with Sir William Gilbert. But he also composed 23 operas, 13 orchestral works, two ballets, and other choral works and chamber pieces. He composed the music for the hymn “Onward, Christian Soldiers.” He also wrote the music for a song with a text by Adelaide Proctor which begins, “Seated one day at the organ, I was weary and ill at ease.” What is the name of that song?

      Answer: The Lost Chord

      Tuesday, May 12

      The coronation of King George VI of England took place on this date in 1937 in Westminster Abbey in London. The 35-year old William Walton wrote the official coronation march for the occasion. What was the name of the march?

      Answer: Crown Imperial

      Monday, May 11

      Who am I? I was born on this date in 1895 in Woodville, Mississippi. My stepfather nurtured my love of music by taking me to operettas and buying classical recordings. I began my career as an arranger for W.C. Handy and worked with Eubie Blake. After receiving a Guggenheim Fellowship, I began composing my first opera. Later I moved to Los Angeles and arranged film music. I was the first African-American to conduct a major American symphony orchestra and the first to have a symphony played by a major orchestra. I am often referred to as the “Dean of African-American composers.” Who am I?

      Answer: William Grant Still

      Friday, May 8

      This German city has been the home of three different concert halls, all bearing the same name. Only the first of these halls was aptly named because it was located inside a textile or cloth factory. Still, the title remains on today’s modern version. What is the city…and what is the name of the hall?

      Answer: Leipzig…Gewandhaus

      Thursday, May 7

      Today we’re featuring music by Brahms and Tchaikovsky, both born on this date. Of Tchaikovsky’s six completed symphonies, four of them have nicknames. Which two Tchaikovsky symphonies do not have nicknames?

      Answer: #’s 4 and 5

      Wednesday, May 6

      Actor, director, writer, and producer Orson Welles was born 100 years ago today—May 6, 1915 in Kenosha, Wisconsin. As a boy he lived many places including Chicago. But asked years later “where is home,” he said “Woodstock, IL.” His very first film was Citizen Kane which he co-wrote, produced, directed, and starred in—a film that tops many lists as the greatest ever made. Who wrote the musical score for Citizen Kane?

      Answer: Bernard Herrmann

      Tuesday, May 5

      It’s the 5th of May. And in honor of Cinco de Mayo we will hear some Mexican music by Carloz Chavez and a Mexican-themed composition by an American composer. The composition if La Fiesta Mexicana. Who is the composer?

      Answer: H. Owen Reed

      Monday, May 4

      The Viennese composer Emil von Reznicek was born on this date in 1860—155 years ago today. His compositions include 5 symphonies, a violin concerto, chamber music, and operas. Today he is best remembered for the overture to his opera Donna Diana. The overture served as the theme music for an American radio, and later, television series. What was the name of either series?

      Answer: Sergeant Preston of the Yukon or Challenge of the Yukon. “Sgt. Preston” will do.

      Friday, May 1

      Composer and church musician Leo Sowerby was born on this date in 1895—120 years ago today—in Grand Rapids, Michigan. He studied at the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago. His Violin Concerto was premiered in 1913 by the CSO. He later won the 1946 Pulitzer Prize for Music. He served briefly as the associate organist at Fourth Presbyterian Church in Chicago. But from 1927 until 1962 (!) he served as organist of what Chicago church?

      Answer: St. James Cathedral (on Huron in Chicago)

      Thursday, April 30

      Today is the birthday of Franz Lehar, born on this date in 1870. We’re about to hear the Vilja from The Merry Widow sung by Elizabeth Schwarzkopf. Who will be singing the role of Hanna Glawari, the merry widow, when Lyric Opera opens its production this coming November?

      Answer: Renee Fleming

      Wednesday, April 29

      Three prominent conductors were all born on this date, April 29. They are Zubin Mehta, Sir Thomas Beecham, and Sir Malcom Sargent. Put them in order of birth, oldest first.

      Answer: Beecham--1879, Sargent--1895, Mehta—1936

      Tuesday, April 28

      We’ve been playing music about trees and forests for the last few moments. Which opera in the Ring Cycle by Richard Wagner has a passage usually referred to as Forest Murmurs?

      Answer: Siegfried

      Monday, April 27

      Handel’s “Music for the Royal Fireworks” was first performed on this date in 1749. It was composed for a celebration of the signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle which ended the War of the Austrian Succession. In what location in London was the music was first performed?

      Answer: Green Park

      Tuesday, April 7

      Sixty-six years ago tonight, April 7, 1949, a new musical opened on Broadway. It starred a veteran of the Broadway stage paired with a recently-retired star of the Metropolitan Opera. It won 10 Tony Awards and ran for more than 1,900 performances. What was the musical and who were the two stars?

      Answer: South Pacific—starring Mary Martin and Ezio Pinza.

      Monday, April 6

      A famous American composer was the captain of his grammar school baseball team and played varsity football at Yale. About his famous set of variations for organ, he once said the work was “…as much fun as playing baseball.” Who was the composer?

      Answer: Charles Ives--speaking about his “Variations on America.”

      Friday, April 3

      Johann Sebastian Bach became the Cantor of Leipzig in 1723 but didn’t take up the post until that summer. For his first Holy Week services in Leipzig in 1724, he wrote a major work which was first performed on Good Friday 1724 at the Nikolaikirche. What was that composition?

      Answer: The St. John Passion.

      Thursday, April 2

      The Danish author Hans Christian Andersen was born on this date in 1805. Among his well-known fairy tales are The Emperor’s New Clothes, The Little Match Girl, The Little Mermaid, The Nightingale, The Princess and the Pea, The Red Shoes, Thumbelina, and the Ugly Duckling. Igor Stravinsky wrote an opera and a symphonic poem which was later turned into a ballet, all based on one of Hans Christian Anderson’s tales. What are the slightly different titles of the opera and the orchestral piece?

      Answer: The Nightingale and The Song of the Nightingale

      Wednesday, April 1

      It’s April Fool’s Day—the morning to play recordings by PDQ Bach, Flanders & Swann, the Portsmouth Sinfonia, and Spike Jones. What was Spike Jones’s real name? (And we need his full name)

      Answer: Lindley Armstrong Jones

      Tuesday, March 31

      Today is the birthday of Franz Josef Haydn, born March 31, 1732, the same year that a famous American president was born. Haydn died in 1809, the same year another American president was born. Name the two American presidents that coincide with Haydn’s dates.

      Answer: George Washington, Abraham Lincoln

      Monday, March 30

      Tomorrow is the birthday of Franz Josef Haydn and we will have an appropriate celebration. But tomorrow is also an interesting birthday/anniversary. It’s the anniversary of the opening of Rodgers & Hammerstein’s first big Broadway hit, Oklahoma! And it’s the birthday of the woman who starred in the 1955 film version of that musical. She was born March 31, 1934. Who is she?

      Answer: Shirley Jones

      Friday, March 27

      Today is the birthday of the Russian cellist and conductor Mstislav Rostropovich, born in 1927. He died in 2007. When he became music director of the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington D.C. in 1977, his friend Leonard Bernstein wrote an overture for the occasion. What is the name of that composition by Bernstein?

      Answer: Slava

      Thursday, March 26

      Today is the 90th birthday of composer, conductor, pianist, and writer, Pierre Boulez. As a conductor he served as musical advisor to the Cleveland Orchestra, chief conductor of the BBC Philharmonic, music director of the New York Philharmonic and, later, as principal guest conductor of the CSO where he is now conductor emeritus. In 1976 he founded a chamber orchestra in Paris devoted to new music. What is the name of this group?

      Answer: Ensemble InterContemporain

      Wednesday, March 25

      Conductor Arturo Toscanini was born on this date in 1867 in Parma, Italy. One of the most acclaimed conductors of the 20th century, his conducting career began unexpectedly in 1886 in Rio de Janeiro. The 19-year old Toscanini was a member of the cello section of a touring opera company. When the local conductor walked out and a substitute conductor proved unworthy, the young Toscanini was persuaded to leave his chair in the cello section and lead the rest of the performance. What was the opera he conducted on that occasion?

      Answer: Verdi’s Aida

      Tuesday, March 24

      Claude Debussy’s early orchestral masterpiece Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun was composed between 1891 and 1894. A lyrical and atmospheric poem was the inspiration for this work. What French poet wrote a poem with the same title?

      Answer: Stephane Mallarme

      Monday, March 23

      Last week we celebrated the birthday of the Russian composer Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov, including a classic CSO recording of his Scheherazade, The Tales of a 1001 Nights. There is also a song cycle with the title Scheherazade. Who composed that song cycle?

      Answer: Maurice Ravel

      Friday, March 20

      Spring arrives this afternoon! The vernal equinox will occur at 5:45 PM, Central Time. Botticelli’s painting La Primavera [The Springtime] is depicted in what 20th century composition?

      Answer: Respighi’s Botticelli Triptych

      Thursday, March 19

      On this last day of winter (!) we recall a piece of music from three months ago. The aria Must the winter come so soon? is from an opera by American composer Samuel Barber. Name the opera.

      Answer: Vanessa

      Wednesday, March 18

      James Conlon, music director of the Ravinia Festival, turns 65 today. He was born in New York, March 18, 1950. In this coming season at Ravinia, his last as music director, what complete opera is he conducting in concert format?

      Answer: Wagner’s The Flying Dutchman on August 15

      Tuesday, March 17

      It’s the day for the wearin’ of the green—St. Patrick’s Day. And we’re celebrating with Irish music and musicians. In the 1970s, a first-chair player in the Berlin Philharmonic was an Irishman. Who was he?

      Answer: James Galway, flute

      Monday, March 16

      Lerner and Loewe’s most popular musical, My Fair Lady, opened on yesterday’s date, March 15, 1956. The original production ran for more than six years—setting what was then a record for the longest-running Broadway show. The original cast starred Rex Harrison, Julie Andrews, and Stanley Holloway. Name the play and the author on which My Fair Lady is based.

      Answer: Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw

      Friday, March 13

      Tomorrow is the 130th anniversary of the first performance of Gilbert and Sullivan’s The Mikado, March 14, 1885 at the Savoy Theatre in London. It has become the most performed of all the G&S operettas. The Mikado, Nanki-Poo, Ko-Ko, Poo-bah, and Yum-Yum all live in what fictitious town?

      Answer: Titipu

      Thursday, March 12

      Who am I? I was born 125 years ago today—March 12, 1890 in what is now Ukraine. At the age of 9, I was accepted at the Imperial Ballet School and I became one of the great ballet dancers in history. I joined Diaghilev’s Ballet Russes in 1909 and also began to choreograph. Some of my more famous creations include: The Afternoon of a Faun, Jeux, and Le Sacre du Printemps. Who am I?

      Answer: Vaslav Nijinsky

      Wednesday, March 11

      In a letter to his patron, Nadejda von Meck, Tchaikovsky wrote the following: “To hear [his] music is to feel one has accomplished some good deed. It is difficult to say precisely wherein this good influence lies, but undoubtedly it is beneficial. The long I live and the better I know him, the more I love his music.” Of whom was he speaking?

      Answer: Mozart

      Tuesday, March 10

      Who am I? I was born 100 years ago today in London. After conducting various orchestras and working for the BBC, I spent a decade as conductor of the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra. My best known post was as music director of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic beginning in 1963. From 1967 until my death I was associate conductor of the Royal Philharmonic and I was one of the regular conductor for the Last Night of the Proms. Who am I?

      Answer: Sir Charls Groves

      Monday, March 9

      Name the piece of music. It was composed in 1936. Originally a piece of chamber music, it is also well-known in a version for a larger orchestra. It was first performed in 1938 conducted by Arturo Toscanini. Thirty years later the composer made a choral version of the same music, setting the text Agnus Dei. Name the composer and the composition.

      Answer: Samuel Barber Adagio for Strings—or String Quartet

      Friday, March 6

      Who am I? I was born on this date in 1930 in France but grew up in the U.S. I was a child prodigy as a conductor, guest-conducting the NBC Symphony at the age of 11. I made my violin debut at 15. I held many positions during my lifetime including Music Director of three American orchestras, the Cleveland Orchestra, the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, and the NY Philharmonic. I died last July at the age of 84. Who am I?

      Answer: Lorin Maazel

      Thursday, March 5

      In Bizet’s opera The Pearl Fishers, two fishermen sing a famous duet expressing their love for a Brahmin princess, Leila. The opera takes place in what was then known as Ceylon. What is the current name of this country?

      Answer: Sri Lanka

      Wednesday, March 4

      Today is the birthday of the City of Chicago, incorporated on March 4, 1837. A former mayor of Chicago, Anton Cermak, was fatally wounded in Miami, Florida in 1933 during a failed assassination attempt on whom?

      Answer: President Franklin Roosevelt

      Tuesday, March 3

      The opera Carmen by Georges Bizet had its first performance on this date, March 3, 1875 in Paris. The premiere at the Opera-Comique was not a success. And Bizet died suddenly three months later, never knowing of its world-wide success. In 1954, a film was made—based on a Broadway play—updating the story of Carmen to 1940s Chicago. What is the name of this adaptation?

      Answer: Carmen Jones—starring Harry Belafonte, Dorothy Dandridge, and Pearl Bailey

      Monday, March 2

      Composer Kurt Weill was born on this date in 1900 and died at the age of 50. After studying with Ferrucio Busoni in Berlin, he taught theory and composition to Claudio Arrau and Maurice Abravanel. Turning to more popular music, his stage productions included The Rise and Fall of the City of Mahagonny and The Seven Deadly Sins. His best known work, The Threepenny Opera, written with Bertolt Brecht, was a re-working of what work by the English author John Gay?

      Answer: The Beggar's Opera

      Friday, February 27

      Soprano Mirella Freni was born in Modena, Italy on this date in 1935—she is 80 years old today. Another great opera star was born in that same town a little more than seven months later. Their mothers were friends and worked together. Who was the other great operatic star born in Modena in 1935?

      Answer: Luciano Pavarotti

      Thursday, February 26

      The French poet, playwright and novelist, Victor Hugo, was born on this date in 1802. Hugo admired the music of Gluck, Weber, and Beethoven and was a personal friend of both Franz Liszt and Hector Berlioz. More than a thousand musical compositions were inspired by his writing including the operas Rigoletto, Ernani, and La Gioconda. One of the longest-running musical theater shows on Broadway and in London’s West End was based on a novel by Victor Hugo. Name it.

      Answer: Les Miserables

      Wednesday, February 25

      The English writer Anthony Burgess was born on this date in 1917. In his novel A Clockwork Orange, the main character Alex undergoes an experimental behavior modification treatment to cure him of his tendency toward violence. But as an unintended consequence, he also develops an aversion to the music of his favorite composer. Who was Alex’s favorite composer?

      Answer: Ludwig van Beethoven

      Tuesday, February 24

      A famous composition by Claudio Monteverdi had its premiere on this date, February 24, 1607 at the palace in Mantua. It is sometime referred to as being the first true opera. What is the name of this work?

      Answer: L’Orfeo

      Monday, February 23

      George Frideric Handel was born on this date 330 years ago—February 23, 1685 in Halle, Germany. One of his most famous compositions is the Water Music—composed to serenade the King of England, traveling up and down the Thames in July of 1717. Which British monarch was serenaded with Handel’s Water Music?

      Answer: George I, the former Elector of Hanover

      Friday, February 20

      Pianist and conductor Christoph Eschenbach was born on this date in 1940—he’s 75 today. A former music director of the Ravinia Festival, Maestro Eschenbach currently leads the Orchestre de Paris and one major American orchestra. Of what American orchestra is he the music director?

      Answer: The National Symphony of Washington D.C. He is also music director of the Kennedy Center for the Arts.

      Thursday, February 19

      Violinist Gil Shaham was born on this date in 1971 in Urbana, Illinois when his parents were on academic fellowships at the University of Illinois. Mr. Shaham will be playing a recital at Orchestra Hall on Sunday March 1. The program consists entirely of music by one composer. Whose music will Gil Shaham be playing in Chicago?

      Answer: J.S. Bach—the complete sonatas and partitas for unaccompanied violin

      Wednesday, February 18

      The wonderful American mezzo-soprano Isabel Leonard was born on this date in 1982—she’s 33 years old today. In what opera will she be singing the title role in next year’s Lyric Opera Season?

      Answer: Cinderella or Cenerentola in Rossini’s opera of that name

      Tuesday, February 17

      Puccini's Madama Butterfly had its premiere on this date, February 17, 1904 at La Scala, Milan. It was a flop, initially, but went on to become one of the most beloved of operas. Puccini once said that it was his personal favorite among his operas. What is Madama Butterfly's name?

      Answer: Cio-Cio San

      Monday, February 16

      The Rakoczy March is named after an 18th century Hungarian hero. Several composers have made arrangements of that melody. Hector Berlioz made an orchestral arrangement of the march which he then included in one of his compositions. What is the name of the Berlioz composition which includes that march?

      Answer: The Damnation of Faust

      Friday, February 13

      Yesterday was the anniversary of the first performance of Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue, February 12, 1924 at Aeolian Hall in NY. At the premiere, Gershwin hadn’t totally finished annotating the work. He improvised parts of the performance from the keyboard and cued the instrumentalists when it was time to come in. What ensemble accompanied that first performance?

      Answer: The Paul Whiteman Band

      Thursday, February 12

      Who said this? “If I had my life to live over again, I would have made a rule to read some poetry and listen to some music at least once a week; for perhaps the parts of my brain now atrophied would thus have been kept active through use.” Hint: He was born on this date in 1809.

      Answer: Charles Darwin

      Wednesday, February 11

      Might as well indulge myself on my birthday! I was born on this date in 1949 in Little Company of Mary Hospital—which is located in what village in Illinois?

      Answer: Evergreen Park

      Tuesday, February 10

      Jacques Offenbach’s fantastic series of operatic stories, The Tales of Hoffmann, had its premiere on this date in Paris in 1881, four months after the composer’s death. What is the name of the character who sings herself to death, urged on by the apparition of her dead mother?

      Answer: Antonia

      Monday, February 9

      Giuseppe Verdi’s final opera, Falstaff, had its premiere on this date in 1893 at La Scala, Milan. It was the third and final opera of his Shakespeare-inspired works. What were the first two?

      Answer: Macbeth and Othello (Note: The Chicago Symphony and Riccardo Muti will present concert performances of Falstaff on next year's concert schedule.)

      Thursday, February 5

      Ruth Craford Seeger was the stepmother of what famous folk singer?

      Answer: Pete Seeger

      Wednesday, February 4

      Through the Looking Glass was the sequel to what famous book by Lewis Carroll?

      Answer: Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

      Tuesday, February 3

      While in Scotland, Mendelssohn went on a boat trip to some islands and described that trip in a famous concert overture. What is its name?

      Answer: The "Fingal's Cave" or "Hebrides" Overture

      Monday, February 2

      Carl Czemy was a pupil of what great, great composer? (Hint: he gave the Vienna premiere of that composer's 5th piano concerto)

      Answer: Beethoven

      Friday, January 30

      Besides the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Riccardo Muti was the music director for another great American orchestra. Which one?

      Answer: The Philadelphia Orchestra

      Thursday, January 29

      In what city is Covent Garden?

      Answer: London

      Wednesday, January 28

      Wagner specified that Parsifal should only be performed in one location. Where?

      Answer: Bayreuth

      Tuesday, January 27

      What is the title of Mozart's 41st symphony?

      Answer: The "Jupiter"

      Monday, January 26

      From whom did Ravel write his famous Boléro?

      Answer: Ida Rubinstein

      Friday, January 23

      What was Bizet doing in Rome?

      Answer: Studying as a winner of the Prix de Rome (Prize of Rome)

      Thursday, January 22

      Who wrote the theme on which Bach’s A Musical Offering is based?

      Answer: King Frederick the Great of Prussia

      Wednesday, January 21

      Although Franz Liszt grew up speaking German and later lived many years in Italy, his language of choice was French. He never learn to speak a word of the language spoken in his native country. In which country was he born?

      Answer: Hungary

      Tuesday, January 20

      Sigmund Romberg wrote an operetta called Blossom Time in 1917 based on the melodies of what great composer? (Hint: His birthday is coming up on January 31 and is celebrated yearly by WFMT)

      Answer: Franz Schubert

      Monday, January 19

      The Symphony #3, “Organ”, was dedicated to another great pianist and composer of the day who once called Saint-Saens the greatest organist in the world. This dedicatee was from Hungary and is credited with being the inventor of the symphonic poem and the piano recital. To whom did Saint-Saens dedicate his Organ Symphony?

      Answer: Franz Liszt

      Friday, January 16

      How were Josef Suk and Antonin Dvorak related?

      Answer: Suk was Dvorak’s son-in-law

      Thursday, January 15

      ETA Hoffmann wrote the story for which Tchaikovsky ballet?

      Answer: The Nutcracker

      Wednesday, January 14

      The treaty of Aix-la Chappelle in 1748 ended what war?

      Answer: The War of Austrian Succession

      Tuesday, January 13

      Felix Mendelssohn had a very talented sister to whom he was very close. What is her name?

      Answer: Fanny Mendelssohn (or Fanny Mendelssohn Henselt)

      Monday, January 12

      In Italian, what does “andante” literally mean?

      Answer: "Going"

      Friday, January 9

      We're hearing all 4 Scherzos by Chopin this hour. How many piano sonatas did he write?

      Answer: 3

      Thursday, January 8

      Sir Charles Villiers Stanford was known as one of history’s greatest teachers of composers, counting Gustav Holst, Ralph Vaughan Williams, John Ireland, Frank Bridge and many others among his pupils. Where did he teach?

      Answer: University of Cambridge

      Wednesday, January 7

      Where is tenor Juan Diego FLorez from?

      Answer: Lima, Peru

      Tuesday, January 6

      Turkish music has inspired many composers. Mozart wrote two Turkish-inspired operas (one incomplete). Name one of them.

      Answer: The Abduction from the Seraglio or Zaide

      Monday, January 5

      In Gluck's Orfeo ed Euridice there are only three characters: Orpheus, Euridice, and ...what is the third character?

      Answer: Amor (or Cupid)

      Friday, January 2

      Rachmaninoff wrote a set of variations on this same tune and attributed the tune to the wrong composer. To whom did he attribute the tune “La Follia di Espagna” (who did use it in a set of variations)?

      Answer: Arcangelo Corelli

      Wednesday, December 31

      We’re hearing the last works in particular genres by some of the greatest composers. What number is the last symphony by Anton Bruckner?

      Answer: #9

      Tuesday, December 30

      Edvard Grieg’s wife, Nina, was also a musician. What was her specialty?

      Answer: Singer (soprano)

      Monday, December 29

      How many times did Maurice Ravel win the annual Prix de Rome contest at the Paris Conservatory?

      Answer: 0

      Friday, December 26

      It was Fanny Mendelssohn who introduced the Bach prelude in C to Gounod on which the famous Ave Maria is based. Fanny’s brother was instrumental in a revival of interest in Bach’s music. What great Bach work did Felix Mendelssohn conduct to begin this revival?

      Answer: The St. Matthew Passion

      Tuesday, December 23

      Sibelius wrote a great deal of incidental music, including to Shakespeare's "The Tempest" and Adolf Paul's "Swanwhite". Who wrote the play for which the music of "Pelleas et Melisande" was composed?

      Answer: Maurice Maeterlinck

      Monday, December 22

      Santa Claus is known as "Father Christmas" in England and "Pere Noel" in France. What is he known as in Holland?

      Answer: Sinterklaas

      Friday, December 19

      Bach’s Christmas Oratorio isn’t really an oratorio, but rather a number of Christmas-related cantatas strung together. How many parts does it have?

      Answer: 6

      Thursday, December 18

      Concerning Beethoven’s 7th Symphony, what great composer called this work “The apotheosis of the dance”?

      Answer: Richard Wagner

      Wednesday, December 17

      Sergei Prokofiev’s death happened on the exact same day as a very important Soviet figure. Who was it?

      Answer: Stalin

      Tuesday, December 16

      There was a favored pupil of Beethoven to whom he dedicated his Missa solemnis, the “Emperor” Concerto, the “Hammerklavier” sonata and a certain famous piano trio (among many other works). What was his name?

      Answer: Archduke Rudolf of Austria

      Monday, December 15

      Ottorino Respighi was a composer who took great interest in composers of the past, arranging several early compositions for modern orchestras. In 1919 he arranged music into a ballet called “La boutique fantasque”. Upon whose music is it based?

      Answer: Gioacchino Rossini

      Friday, December 12

      The Chicago Symphony has had 10 Music Directors, including Riccardo Muti, since its founding by Theodore Thomas. To this day, one of the best known, aside from Sir Georg Solti is Fritz Reiner. Who was Music Director BEFORE Reiner came to Chicago in 1953?

      Answer: Rafael Kubelik.

      Tuesday, December 9

      Rimsky-Korsakov wrote several works inspired by the orient (including Sheherazade from which we will soon excerpt). His mentor Mily Balakirev did, as well. There is a very famous and difficult eastern-inspired piece by Balakirev called Islamey. What prominent Russian composer orchestrated it?

      Answer: Sergei Liapunov.

      Monday, December 8

      Tchaikovsky wrote three great full-length ballets. Is the Nutcracker the 1st, 2nd or 3rd?

      Answer: The 3rd.

      Friday, December 5

      Max Bruch was interested in music traditions of all nations, writing Swedish Dances, the Scottish Fantasy, Italian inspired works and…a piece based on one of the most revered Jewish melodies. What is it?

      Answer: Kol Nidrei.

      Thursday, December 4

      David Popper was somewhat unusual a cellist in that he didn’t have that little metal thing that sticks out of the bottom of the cello. What is it called?

      Answer: The “endpin” or “spike”.

      Wednesday, December 3

      Gerard Schwarz began his career as a highly regarded trumpeter before becoming a prominent conductor. He was the principal trumpeter of what great American orchestra until 1973?

      Answer: New York Philharmonic.

      Tuesday, December 2

      There is an “opera” company in England that is closely associated with the operettas of Gilbert and Sullivan, founded in 1870 and closed for the first time in 1982. What is it’s name?

      Answer: The O’Oyly Carte opera Company.

      Monday, December 1

      Arthur Bliss was the "Master of the Queen's Music" for Queen Elizabeth from 1953-1975. Who preceded him in that role?

      Answer: Sir Arnold Bax.

      Tuesday, November 4

      Today is Election Day in the United States. An old song goes: “Yes, the candidate’s a dodger, yes a well-known dodger. The candidate’s a dodger, yes and I’m a dodger too. He’ll meet you and treat you and ask you for your vote. But look out, boys, he’s a dodgin’ for a note.” Who made the best-known setting of that folk song?

      Answer: Aaron Copland in his Old American Songs.

      Monday, November 3

      What is it? It has the highest electrical conductivity of any element. It’s a type of collar coin. It’s a type of Christmas bell. And it’s the color of Orlando Gibbons’ swan. What is it?

      Answer: Silver.

      Friday, October 31

      It’s Halloween. And we’re playing music about ghosts and goblins and things that go “bump” in the…well, morning! We’ve just heard several depictions of the devil, and we have one more coming up when we hear the final scene from The Damnation of Faust. Who composed The Damnation of Faust?

      Answer: Hector Berlioz.

      Thursday, October 30

      The ballet Appalachian Spring with music by Aaron Copland had its premiere on this date in 1944--70 years ago today. The original version of the score called for a 13-member chamber orchestra--because the space for musicians at the Library of Congress was so small. Copland won the 1945 Pulitzer Prize for Music for the full orchestral version. Who was the dancer and choreographer who commissioned Appalachian Spring and danced the leading role?

      Answer: Martha Graham.

      Wednesday, October 29

      Mozart’s opera Don Giovanni had its premiere on this date in 1787 in Prague. The commission was a result of the great popularity of Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro in Prague. In the Lyric Opera production of Don Giovanni which ends its run tonight, who has sung the title role?

      Answer: Mariusz Kwiecien.

      Tuesday, October 28

      Today is the birthday of American composer, conductor, and educator Howard Hanson—born in Wahoo, Nebraska in 1896. His Symphony #4, Requiem, won the Pulitzer Prize for Music. For 40 years he served as Director of the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, New York. At what college did Howard Hanson receive his B.A. in Music in 1916?

      Answer: Northwestern University.

      Monday, October 27

      Tonight is opening night for Lyric Opera’s production of Verdi’s Il Trovatore. We’ll have the broadcast beginning at 7:15 pm. Two alumni of Lyric’s Ryan Opera Center, now enjoying major careers, are returning to Chicago for major roles in Trovatore. Name either one.

      Answer: Soprano Amber Wagner sings Leonora. Baritone Quinn Kelsey sings Count di Luna.

      Friday, October 24

      A well-known pianist and entertainer once replied to his critics with the words, “What you have said hurt me very much. I cried all the way to the bank!” Who said that?

      Answer: Wladziu Valentino) Liberace.

      Thursday, October 23

      Yesterday was the birthday of the old Metropolitan Opera House in New York City. The original Met opened on Broadway between 39th and 40th streets with a performance of a French opera that was exceedingly popular in the late 19th century. What opera opened the Old Met?

      Answer: Charles Gounod’s Faust.

      Wednesday, October 22

      Who am I? My father was employed by Haydn. As a boy, I met Hummel. I played for Beethoven who kissed me. Later I studied with Czerny and Salieri. As a young man I met Berlioz and I heard Paganini play. I became a friend to Chopin and St. Saens. And I became Richard Wagner’s father in law. Who am I?

      Answer: Franz Liszt, born 203 years ago today.

      Tuesday, October 21

      Sir Georg Solti was born on this date in 1912--102 years ago today. Music Director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra from 1969-1991, Sir Georg still holds the record for the most Grammy Awards. One of his first professional positions was as an assistant and rehearsal pianist at the 1937 Salzburg Festival. The 24-year-old Solti even played in the pit for the Salzburg performances of The Magic Flute, conducted by Arturo Toscanini. What instrument did he play?

      Answer: He played the glockenspiel for Papageno’s aria.

      Monday, October 20

      American composer Charles Ives was born on this date in 1874. His earliest musical training came from his father, a Civil War bandmaster, who led the town band. Young Charles played percussion in the band as a young boy and was a church organist as a teenager. He later studied music at Yale. Now considered an American original, his music was largely ignored during his lifetime and he made his living as an insurance agent. In what town was Charles Ives born--where his father served as town bandmaster?

      Answer: Danbury, CT.

      Friday, October 17

      Who am I? I was born on this date in 1977—I’m 37 today. I am of African-American, Korean, and Caucasian ancestry and I grew up in Ventura, California. I studied at Eastman and briefly at Juilliard before being invited tojoin Lyric Opera’s Ryan Center for Young Artists. My big break came in 2005 when I won the Cardiff Singer of the World Competition. Now I’m enjoying an international career but still consider Chicago my home base. Who am I?

      Answer: Soprano Nicole Cabell.

      Thursday, October 16

      The Chicago Symphony Orchestra played its very first concert on this date in 1891. The orchestra’s founder and conductor Theodore Thomas led a concert of music by Beethoven, Dvorak, Tchaikovsky, and Wagner. Where did that concert take place 123 years ago today?

      Answer: The Auditorium Theater on Congress.

      Wednesday, October 15

      Which operetta by Franz Lehar was a flop in Vienna when it opened with the title The Yellow Jacket, but later became a big hit in Berlin with Richard Tauber starring as a Chinese prince?

      Answer: The Land of Smiles.

      Tuesday, October 14

      Who am I? I was born on this date in 1928 in New York. I began studying piano at the age of 3 and entered the Curtis Institute at 7! I made my professional debut with the Philadelphia Orchestra at the age of 19. I studied with Vladimir Horowitz and Rudolf Serkin. In 1980 I joined the faculty of the Curtis Institute and served as its president for 11 years. My autobiography is titled “I Really Should Be Practicing.” Who am I?

      Answer: Gary Graffman.

      Monday, October 13

      What do these pieces of music have in common? Prokofiev’s Piano Concerto #3…Glazunov’s Triumphal March…Stravinsky’s Symphony in C…Walton’s Scapino Overture…and Prokofiev’s opera The Love for Three Oranges?

      Answer: They all had their world premieres in Chicago.

      Friday, October 10

      Today is the 201st anniversary of the birth of Giuseppe Verdi. No big celebration—that was last year! And last year the CSO celebrated with concert performances of his opera Macbeth. And Lyric Opera opened its season with Otello. What is Verdi’s third Shakespearean opera?

      Answer: Falstaff.

      Thursday, October 9

      The French composer Camille St. Saens was born on this date in 1835 in Paris; he lived until 1921. He was also a conductor, and organist, and a pianist. A child prodigy at the keyboard, he learned to read and write and the age of 3 and played a recital at the age of 5. He is best-remembered for his opera Samson & Delilah, The Carnival of the Animals, Danse Macabre, and 5 piano concertos. His Marche Militaire Francaise comes from what larger work?

      Answer: Suite Algerienne.

      Wednesday, October 8

      The Russian composer Tchaikovsky spent some very happy times in Italy. One musical result was his Capriccio Italien. He also wrote a string sextet with a title referring to an Italian city. What is that work?

      Answer: Souvenir de Florence.

      Tuesday, October 7

      Another who am I? I was born in Boston on this date in 1746. I began as a tanner before making a meager living as a composer. I died in poverty in 1800. Despite my lack of formal musical training, I became known as the Father of American Choral Music. Who am I?

      Answer: William Billings.

      Monday, October 6

      Who am I? I was born in Ireland in 1856. I first gained fame as a music critic writing under the name Cornetto di Bassetto. One of the best-known playwrights of the 20th century, I won the Nobel Prize for Literature. And I remain the only person to win both an Oscar and a Nobel Prize. I also wrote a book about Wagner. Who am I?

      Answer: George Bernard Shaw.

      Tuesday, September 30

      Today is the anniversary of the first performance of Mozart's opera The Magic Flute. The premiere took place six weeks before Mozart's death in 1791. What Mozart opera just opened Lyric Opera of Chicago's 60th anniversary season?

      Answer: Don Giovanni.

      Monday, September 29

      Igor Stravinsky's L'Histoire du Soldat (The Soldier's Tale) had its premiere September 28, 1918 in Switzerland. Soldier's Tale is a theatrical work "...to be read, played, and danced," as Stravinsky said. It's the classic tale of a man selling his soul to the devil. But in Soldier's Tale, the man's soul is represented by one of his possessions. What does the soldier sell to the devil?

      Answer: His violin.

      Friday, September 26

      American composer George Gershwin was born in this date in 1898 in Brooklyn. He began his career as a song plugger, but soon started composing Broadway theater works and, eventually, classical music. Gershwin’s Catfish Row is a suite drawn from what larger work by Gershwin?

      Answer: The opera Porgy and Bess which will be presented this season by Lyric Opera-Chicago.

      Thursday, September 25

      Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich was born on this date in 1906; he died in 1975. After listening to a phonograph record of a popular song, Conductor Nicolai Malko bet Shostakovich that he could not orchestrate that song from memory in the space of one hour. The song was Tea for Two by Vincent Youmans. What was the title Shostakovich gave to his orchestral version?

      Answer: Tahiti Trot—which he composed in 45 minutes.

      Wednesday, September 24

      Last Friday night, more than 20,000 people crowded into Millennium Park for a free concert by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra led by Riccardo Muti. The all Tchaikovsky concert held the Symphony #4 and a suite from the ballet The Sleeping Beauty. What was the third Tchaikovsky composition on the program?

      Answer: The symphonic fantasy--The Tempest.

      Tuesday, September 23

      Alexander Borodin, the Russian composer, doctor, and chemist is best remembered for his opera Prince Igor, his symphonies, and his string quartets. Although he died in 1887, he won a Tony Award (Broadway’s annual award) in 1954. Why?

      Answer: Music from Prince Igor and his string quartets was adapted by Robert Wright and George Forrest for the Broadway musical Kismet.

      Monday, September 22

      The Autumnal Equinox occurs at 9:29 this evening, but we’re featuring music for the season this morning on WFMT. Of course, we played Autumn from The Four Seasons by Vivaldi. The Four Seasons are the first 4 concertos in a larger work by Vivaldi consisting of twelve concertos. What is the name of this collection?

      Answer: The Contest Between Harmony and Invention.

      Friday, September 19

      What famous but modest musician once said, “There's nothing remarkable about it. All one has to do is hit the right keys at the right time and the instrument plays itself."

      Answer: Johann Sebastian Bach. WFMT’s Bach Organ Project begins this Sunday afternoon when organists Stephen Alltop and Bruce Barber play Bach on the organ of St.Clement’s Catholic Church in Chicago.

      Thursday, September 18

      No quiz today because it's Super Thursday.

      Wednesday, September 17

      The story line of Mozart’s The Marriage of Figaro is a sequel to Rossini’s opera The Barber of Seville, with most of the characters appearing in both operas. Who wrote the plays on which those operas are based?

      Answer: The French playwright Pierre Beaumarchais.

      Tuesday, September 16

      48 years ago tonight, Thomas Schippers conducted the world premiere of Samuel Barber’s opera Antony and Cleopatra starring Justino Diaz and Leontyne Price in the starring roles. What was the occasion?

      Answer: The opening of the new Metropolitan Opera house in Lincoln Center, NY.

      Monday, September 15

      Who am I? I was born on this date in 1876 in Berlin. I began studying conducting and obtained my first post while still a teenager. In my 20s, I became Gustav Mahler’s assistant at the Court Opera in Vienna. My career flourished in Germany and Austria until I left for the U.S. in 1939. In America I conducted many major orchestras (including the CSO) and at the Metropolitan Opera. I held a post with the N.Y. Philharmonic and made many recordings of the core German repertoire for Columbia Records. Who am I?

      Answer: Bruno Walter

      Friday, September 12

      Gustav Mahler conducted the premiere of his Eighth Symphony on this date in 1910, four years after completing the work and just eight months before he died. What is the nickname for his 8th symphony?

      Answer: The Symphony of a Thousand. That was an understatement at the premiere. The first performance included 858 singers and an orchestra of 171!

      Thursday, September 11

      In American usage, we have the terms whole note, half note, quarter note, etc. But the British have different terms—including quavers, semi-quavers, and, yes, hemi-demi-semi-quavers! What is the British term for a quarter note?

      Answer: A crotchet.

      Wednesday, September 10

      Who am I? I was born in Seaham Harbor, Durham in England 70 years ago today. I was intending a career in medicine when I was awarded a scholarship to the Royal College of Music. I made my operatic debut in 1969 and my Covent Garden debut in 1971. Since then I’ve gone on to an international career in opera and art song. I was awarded the Queen’s Medal for Music last year and I am popularly known as “Britain’s favorite baritone.” Who am I?

      Answer: Sir Thomas Allen.

      Tuesday, September 9

      Benjamin Britten’s opera Billy Budd has an all-male cast. What opera by Puccini has an all-female cast?

      Answer: Suor Angelica, one of the three operas in Il Trittico.

      Monday, September 8

      American composer Leonard Bernstein’s Mass had its premiere on this date in 1971. What was the occasion for which it was composed?

      Answer: The opening of the John F. Kennedy Center for the Arts in Washington D.C.

      Friday, September 5

      Johann Christian Bach was born on this date in Leipzig in 1735. The youngest son of Johann and Anna Magdalena Bach, he studied with his father and with his older brother, CPE Bach. He later moved to Italy and was organist of the Milan Cathedral. Later he moved to another musical capitol and remained there for the rest of his life. What city became the adopted home of JC Bach?

      Answer: London.

      Thursday, September 4

      Today is the birthday of the French composer Darius Milhaud. A member of Les Six, Milhaud’s pupils included Americans Dave Brubeck and Burt Bachrach. One of his most popular Brazilian-influenced compositions has a whimsical title which later gave its name to a celebrated Parisian cabaret which became a meeting place for Jean Cocteau and members of Les Six. What is the name of this composition?

      Answer: Le Boeuf sur le Toit.

      Wednesday, September 3

      Last night’s opera on WFMT was “The Pearlfishers” by Georges Bizet. The opera contains a famous duet in which two fishermen sing of their love for a Brahmin princess. The opera takes place in what was then known as Ceylon. What is the current name of that country?

      Answer: Sri Lanka.

      Tuesday, September 2

      Yesterday, September 1, was the 70th birthday of conductor Leonard Slatkin. The son of Hollywood conductor and violinist Felix Slatkin and cellist Eleanor Aller, Mr. Slatkin has had a long and active career. Of what American orchestra is he currently the music director?

      Answer: The Detroit Symphony Orchestra.

      Friday, August 29

      The Italian composer Amilcare Ponchieli was born on this Sunday’s date—August 31—in 1834. His most famous melody has been used to accompany dancing hippos in Fantasia and sung as “Hello Muddah, Hello Fadduh” by Alan Sherman. From what opera does that melody come?

      Answer: La Gioconda

      Thursday, August 28

      This opera had its premiere on this date in 1850 in Weimar, Germany. It is based on a medieval German legend. The beginning of Act III contains two of the most famous excerpts in all of opera—the exciting prelude and the opening chorus. Name the opera and the composer.

      Answer: Lohengrin by Richard Wagner

      Wednesday, August 27

      Earlier this morning was our annual “Back to School” segment of the morning show which included the Brahms Academic Festival Overture. Brahms wrote the overture—rather than give a speech—when he was awarded an honorary degree from what university?

      Answer: University of Breslau in Germany--now known as Wroclaw, Poland

      Tuesday, August 26

      The German conductor and pianist Wolfgang Sawallisch was born on this date in 1923--he passed away last year. He had a very long recording career as we've shown this morning. Whom did Maestro Sawallisch follow when he became Music Director of the Philadelphia Orchestra?

      Answer: Riccardo Muti

      Monday, August 25

      Today is the 96th birthday of American composer, conductor, pianist, lecturer, author—the list goes on and on—Leonard Bernstein. Born in Lawrence, Massachusetts he attended Harvard. He then continued his musical education at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia. Who was Leonard Bernstein’s conducting professor at Curtis?

      Answer: Fritz Reiner

      Friday, August 22

      Today is Cedille Day on WFMT. We are featuring recordings from the Chicago-based classical record label, Cedille. Our special guest is the founder of Cedille Records, Jim Ginsburg. What does Jim’s mother do for a living?

      Answer: She is an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

      Thursday, August 21

      Another “who am I” today—and a fascinating one. I was born 121 years ago today. My mother was a Russian princess who married her teacher at the Paris Conservatory. He was 77 when I was born. Our family friend Gabriel Faure discovered that I had perfect pitch when I was 2. I won the Prix de Rome at the age of 19 but I died at the age of 24. My famous sister lived for another 61 years before she was buried next to me in the Montmartre Cemetery. Who am I?

      Answer: French composer Lili Boulanger, sister of Nadia.

      Wednesday, August 20

      Who am I? I am 40 years old today. I began studying violin at the age of 5 and practiced 7 hours a day. At the age of 16 I began winning major international competitions and recording prizes. Since 2005, I have been a Professor at the Royal Academy of Music in London. Due to an injury I didn’t play much for 4 years until returning to the concert stage in 2012. Last year I gave a recital at Ravinia which was re-broadcast last week on WFMT. Who am I?

      Answer: Violinist Maxim Vengerov.

      Tuesday, August 19

      American humorist Ogden Nash was born on this date in 1902. In his version of The Carnival of the Animals by St. Saens, he wrote: “The swan can swim while sitting down, For pure conceit he takes the crown. He looks in the mirror over and over, And claims to have never heard of ___________ .” Fill in the blank.

      Answer: Pavlova.

      Monday, August 18

      The Italian composer Antonio Salieri was born in Legnano on this date in 1750. He was only a little more than 5 years older than Mozart—not significantly older as depicted in Amadeus. Neither was he an enemy of Mozart. Among Salieri’s pupils were Mozart’s son Franz, not to mention Franz Schubert, Franz Liszt, and Beethoven! Who won an Academy Award for his depiction of Salieri in the 1984 film Amadeus?

      Answer: F. Murray Abraham.

      Friday, August 15

      The musical travelogue Ports of Call by Jacques Ibert depicts travels to three different countries. The first section depicts Rome and Palermo in Italy. The second section describes the northern coast of Africa. Where is the third section’s final port of call?

      Answer: Valencia in Spain.

      Thursday, August 14

      Yesterday was the birthday of film director and producer Alfred Hitchcock, born in London in 1899. His American television program ran from 1955-1965. What was the musical theme for his television series? Title AND composer, please.

      Answer: Funeral March of a Marionette by Charles Gounod.

      Wednesday, August 13

      Today marks the anniversary of the opening of the first complete performance of the Ring of the Nibelungs cycle. It began with a performance of Das Rheingold on this date in 1876. It also marked the opening of Wagner's own opera house--built to his specifications in what German city?

      Answer: Bayreuth.

      Tuesday, August 12

      How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank. That line is from Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice. It's also the first line of what musical composition?

      Answer: Serenade to Music by Ralph Vaughan Williams.

      Monday, August 11

      Benjamin Britten's Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra is subtitled "Variations and Fugue on a Theme by Henry Purcell." The theme by Purcell comes from his incidental music for a play. What is the FULL name of the play?

      Answer: Abdelazer or The Moor's Revenge.

      Thursday, August 7

      In 1899, a composer wrote the music for a patriotic pageant titled Finland Awakes. One year later he arranged the final portion of that music as an orchestral tone poem. What is the name of the orchestral work and who composed it?

      Answer: Finlandia by Jean Sibelius.

      Wednesday, August 6

      Who am I? I was born on this date in 1809 and I am the second most frequently quoted writer—after Shakespeare—in the Oxford Book of Quotations. ‘Tis better to have loved and lost, Than never to have loved at all… Theirs is not to reason why, Theirs but to do and die…The old order changeth, yielding place to new…Knowledge comes but wisdom lingers. I wrote all those lines. Who am I?

      Answer: Alfred (Lord) Tennyson, author of Ring Out, Wild Bells, The Charge of the Light Brigade, and Now Sleeps the Crimson Petal.

      Tuesday, August 5

      The English folk song begins: It was on the fifth of August, er’ the weather fine and fair, Unto (blank) I did repair, For love I was inclined. To where did the writer repair?

      Answer: Brigg Fair.

      Monday, August 4

      American composer William Schuman was born in New York on this date in 1910. He played violin and banjo as a child and later formed a dance band. But his overwhelming love as a young man was baseball! Later the President of the Juilliard School and of Lincoln Center, Schuman won the very first Pulitzer Prize in Music—and later won another special Pulitzer. He also wrote a short opera about baseball! Name the opera OR the poem it’s based on.

      Answer: Mighty Casey based on Ernest Thayer’s Casey at the Bat.

      Friday, August 1

      Who am I? I was born on this date in 1779 in Carroll Country, Maryland. I was a lawyer, an author, and an amateur poet. My poem “The Defense of Fort McHenry” has achieved great fame as a song—set to a tune by John Stafford Smith. Who am I and what is the title of the song based on my poem?

      Answer: Francis Scott Key “The Star-Spangled Banner."

      Thursday, July 31

      “Play, you gypsy fiddler!” Gypsy music shows up quite often in classical music. Songs, operatic choruses, and instrumental music—many composers have written music with a gypsy flavor. Who wrote a composition for violin and orchestra titled “Gypsy Airs” or “Zigeunerweisen?”

      Answer: Pablo de Sarasate.

      Wednesday, July 30

      The English pianist Gerald Moore was born on this date in 1899. He was best known as an accompanist for some of the world’s finest musicians—especially singers such as Elizabeth Schwarzkopf, Victoria de los Angeles, and Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau. He wrote two memoirs—name either one.

      Answer: The Unashamed Accompanist and Am I Too Loud?.

      Tuesday, July 29

      Sigmund Romberg was born on this date in 1887. The Austro-Hungarian composer came to America at the age of 22. After a brief stint working in a pencil factory, he got a job playing piano in a café. He later arranged and composed music for the Schubert brothers theaters—including several shows starring Al Jolson. He is best remembered for his operettas The Student Prince, Desert Song, and New Moon. In 1954 a film was made of Romberg’s life in which he was played by Jose Ferrer. What is the name of that film?

      Answer: Deep in My Heart.

      Monday, July 28

      Today is Riccardo Muti’s 73rd birthday—born in Naples in 1941. Music Director of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and one of the most honored and respected conductors in the world, Maestro Muti is considered one of the leading interpreters of the music of Giuseppe Verdi. How did Maestro Muti celebrate Verdi’s 200th birthday last October?

      Answer: Leading the CSO & Chorus and soloists in a performance of the Verdi Requiem (which was streamed around the world).

      Friday, July 25

      Today is the birthday of the legendary former principal trumpet of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Adolph “Bud” Herseth—born in 1921; he passed away last year. Bud played 1st trumpet from 1948-2001, spanning the tenures of six CSO Music Directors. Which Music Director hired Bud Herseth?

      Answer: Artur Rodzinski, although he left the orchestra before the beginning of the 1948-49 season, Herseth’s first.

      Thursday, July 24

      Another “who am I?” I was born 67 years ago today. At age 11 I began studying at the Curtis Institute where my father was one of my teachers. My concert career began in 1959 when I was 13! I played at the Marlboro Festival—the festival founded by my father, my grandfather, and my great-uncle. Who am I?

      Answer: Pianist Peter Serkin.

      Wednesday, July 23

      Pianist Leon Fleisher is 86 years old today, born in 1928 in San Francisco where he began studying piano at the age of 4. Despite losing a portion of his career to focal dystonia, Mr. Fleisher has had one of the longest careers of any instrumentalists. More than 50 years ago he made a series of recordings for Columbia including all the piano concertos of Beethoven and Brahms. With what orchestra and conductor did Mr. Fleisher make those recordings?

      Answer: Cleveland Orchestra/George Szell.

      Tuesday, July 22

      Soprano Licia Albanese was born on this date in 1913—she is 101 years old today! She was a leading star at the Met from 1940-1966. She sang Butterfly more than 300 times in her career and she sang more Violettas at the Met than any other artist. In 1946 she sang Mimi in the famous NBC/Toscanini broadcast of Puccini's La Boheme, celebrating the 50th anniversary of the first performance of Boheme, ALSO conducted by Arturo Toscanini. Who was her Rodolfo in that broadcast?

      Answer: Jan Peerce.

      Monday, July 21

      Who am I? I was born on this date in 1899 in Oak Park, IL. I began as a reporter for the Kansas City Star before leaving for the Italian front to enlist as a WWI ambulance driver. I was later a foreign correspondent based in Paris. I saw the Normandy landings and the liberation of Paris. I published 7 novels, 6 short story collections, and 2 non-fiction works. I won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1953 and the Nobel Prize in literature in 1954. Who am I?

      Answer: Ernest Hemingway.

      Friday, July 17

      In what French opera, does a portrait on the wall come to life, urging the soprano to sing and sing until she dies? What is the opera/who is the composer?

      Answer: Tales of Hoffmann by Jacques Offenbach.

      Thursday, July 17

      Today is the 100th birthday of American soprano Eleanor Steber, born in Wheeling WV. She was one of the first operatic stars to train and perform mainly in the U.S. Today is also the birthday of a younger American soprano who will be appearing in concert at Ravinia next month with the Knights chamber orchestra. Who is she?

      Answer: Dawn Upshaw, born in 1960.

      Wednesday, July 16

      This German city has been the home of three different concert halls—all bearing the same name. Only the first of these halls was aptly named because it was housed in a textile or cloth factory. Still the title remains on today’s modern version. What is the city…and what is the name of the hall?

      Answer: Leipzig Gewandhaus.

      Tuesday, July 15

      Mozart composed 27 piano concertos, 5 violin concertos, 1 concerto for each woodwind instrument, at least 4 for horn, and another for flute and harp. Which was the last concerto composed by Mozart?

      Answer: The Clarinet Concerto, K.622.

      Monday, July 14

      Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite! It’s Bastille Day, the French national holiday. We’ve already heard two versions of the French national anthem, La Marseillaise. Who wrote La Marseillaise?

      Answer: Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.

      Thursday, July 10

      German composer Carl Orff was born in Munich on this date in 1895; he lived until 1982. He is best-remembered for his colorful cantata Carmina Burana, written in 1937. He was also influential in developing new methods of music education for children. What are the first two words of Carmina Burana?

      Answer: O Fortuna.

      Wednesday, July 9

      Italian composer Ottorino Respighi was born on this date in Bologna in 1879. He lived only to the age of 56. In addition to his Roman trilogy, he also composed many works based on 16th, 17th, and 18th century dances: his three Ancient Airs and Dances suites, The Birds, and others. He also wrote a piece depicting three paintings. What is this composition?

      Answer: Trittico Botticelliano (Botticelli Triptych) based on three Botticelli paintings in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.

      Tuesday, July 8

      Composer Percy Grainger was born on this date in 1882. He left his native Australia to study in Frankfurt. He lived in England for many years and was instrumental in the revival of British folk music. He came to the U.S. in 1914 and eventually became an American citizen. He enlisted as a bandsman in the US Army in 1917, playing what instrument?

      Answer: He played saxophone...although he also reported learning the oboe.

      Monday, July 7

      Composer Gustav Mahler was born on this date in 1860. Better known as a conductor during his lifetime, he held posts with in Leipzig, Budapest, Hamburg, and Vienna. Late in his short life, he conducted at the Metropolitan Opera and was the director of the NY Philharmonic. Among those present at his burial in Vienna in 1911 were Arnold Schonberg, Bruno Walter, and the painter Gustav Klimt. Mahler was born in the town of Kalischt in what was then the Austrian Empire. In what country is that town now?

      Answer: Now known as Kaliste in the Czech Republic.

      Thursday, July 3

      Tomorrow we will have our traditional 4th of July edition of the Morning Program—filled with American music, fireworks music, etc. Included will be music by an American composer born on July 4, 1826—the 50th birthday of the U.S. and the day that both John Adams and Thomas Jefferson died. Who is that composer?

      Answer: Stephen Foster.

      Wednesday, July 2

      Today is the 300th birthday of composer Christoph Willibald Gluck. It is also the 100th birthday of conductor Frederick Fennell. Born in Cleveland, Fennell was the most famous conductor of his time of music for wind instruments. His recordings with the Eastman Wind Ensemble, the Cleveland Symphonic Winds, and the Dallas Wind Symphony are the gold standards of band recordings. What was Frederick Fennell’s instrument?

      Answer: Percussion.

      Tuesday, July 1

      Today is Canada Day and we are featuring various Canadian composers, artists, and ensembles. Composer Malcolm Forsyth was born in South Africa but emigrated to Canada where he played trombone in the Edmonton Symphony and was Professor of Music at the University of Alberta for 34 years. He died in 2011. Who is Malcolm Forsyth’s famous son-in-law?

      Answer: Pinchas Zukerman—who is married to Forsyth’s daughter, cellist Amanda Forsyth.

      Monday, June 30

      Today is the birthday of conductor/composer Esa-Pekka Salonen. He was Music Director of the LA Philharmonic from 1992-2009 and is currently the Principal Conductor of the Philharmonia Orchestra in London. He is also spending more time composing. Maestro Salonen is currently featured in a television commercial showing how he uses an electronic device in his composing. What is the product in the commercials?

      Answer: Apple’s iPad.

      Friday, June 27

      Earlier this week, we played music by two members of the Couperin family—who were related—and two composers named Charpentier—who were not related. Here’s a relationship question: what is the connection between Giovanni Gabrieli and Andrea Gabrieli, both of whom were organists at St. Mark’s Cathedral in Venice?

      Answer: Andrea was the uncle of Giovanni.

      Thursday, June 26

      Conductor Claudio Abbado was born on this date in Milan in 1933; he passed away in January. He held some of the most prestigious posts in music: music director of La Scala; conductor of the London Symphony; music director of the Vienna State Opera; principal conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic; and principal guest conductor of the CSO. After Maestro Abbado retired from the Berlin Philharmonic in 2002, he founded another highly-acclaimed orchestra—one that existed only in August of each year. What was that orchestra?

      Answer: Lucerne Festival Orchestra.

      Wednesday, June 25

      Igor Stravinsky’s ballet The Firebird had its premiere on this date in 1910 in Paris. It was the first of the three ballets Stravinsky would composer for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes in the next three years—followed by Petrouchka and The Rite of Spring. Who conducted the Firebird premiere 104 years ago today?

      Answer: Gabriel Pierne.

      Tuesday, June 24

      The composer Hans Pfitzner wrote an opera about the composer Palestrina. Friedrich von Flotow wrote an opera about the composer Alessandro Stradella. Who wrote an opera titled Mozart and Salieri?

      Answer: Rimsky-Korsakov.

      Monday, June 23

      Today is the 71st birthday of James Levine. Best known for his long association with the Metropolitan Opera, he has also been Music Director of the Ravinia Festival, the Munich Philharmonic, and the Boston Symphony Orchestra. After a two-year hiatus due to health problems, Maestro Levine returned to the Met this past season conducting several productions. Where was James Levine born and raised?

      Answer: Cincinnati, Ohio.

      Friday, June 20

      Who am I? I was born on this date 195 years ago in Cologne, Germany, the son of a synagogue cantor. For 20 years I earned a living as a cellist and conductor. But my greatest fame came as a composer of nearly 100 comic operettas and one standard opera. Who am I?

      Answer: Jacques Offenbach, born Jacob Eberst in Germany.

      Thursday, June 19

      Sir Edward Elgar’s Enigma Variations was first performed on this date in 1899. It consists of fourteen variations, each one a musical depiction of one of his acquaintances. The final variation is titled E.D.U. Whom does it portray?

      Answer: Elgar himself. Mrs. Elgar’s nickname for the composer was "Edu."

      Wednesday, June 18

      The late Roger Ebert was born on this date in 1942. He would have been 72 years old today. The late conductor Hans Vonk also would have been 72 today. A famous English composer is celebrating his 72nd birthday today. Name him.

      Answer: Paul McCartney.

      Tuesday, June 17

      Today is the birthday of Igor Stravinsky. One of his early orchestral works was composed as a wedding present for the daughter of his teacher Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov. What is the name of this short orchestral piece?

      Answer: Fireworks (Feu d’artifice).

      Monday, June 16

      Benjamin Britten’s opera Billy Budd has an all-male cast. What opera by Puccini has an all-female cast?

      Answer: Suor Angelica.

      Friday, June 13

      We are broadcasting today's "Breakfast with Carl" from what is usually our Fay and Daniel Levin Performance Studio. One week ago today, on Engineer Appreciation Day, I interviewed the former Chief Engineer of WFMT who was the designer of this excellent room. What is his name?

      Answer: Gordon Carter.

      Thursday, June 12

      What do the following pieces of music have in common? Beethoven’s Violin Concerto…Bach’s Christmas Oratorio…Haydn’s Symphony #103…and Richard Strauss’s Burleske?

      Answer: They each begin with a timpani solo.

      Wednesday, June 11

      German composer Richard Strauss was born 150 years ago today in Munich where his father Franz Strauss was the leading horn player of the court orchestra. Strauss is remembered for his operas (Rosenkavalier, Salome, and others), his tone poems (Till Eulenspiegel, Don Juan, etc.) his songs and his concertos for violin, oboe, and horn. What is the name of his autobiographical tone poem?

      Answer: Ein Heldenleben (A Hero's Life)].

      Tuesday, June 10

      I have been hosting the WFMT Morning Program since the last century! I started my current tenure on Monday June 10, 1996—18 years ago today. What was the first composer I played on that morning?

      Answer: J.S. Bach. The finale of the Brandenburg Concerto #1. It was before the era of Monday Morning Mozart.

      Monday, June 9

      The Danish composer Carl Nielsen was born on this date in 1865. He was also a conductor and a violinist. He is remembered for his six symphonies, his wind quintet, and concertos for violin, flute, and clarinet. What is the nickname for his Symphony #4?

      Answer: The Inextinguishable.

      Friday, June 6

      The American-Soviet composer Aram Khachaturian was born on this date 111 years ago in 1903. Born in Azerbaijan, he moved to Moscow at the age of 19 and graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in 1934. Among his best known works are the ballets Spartacus and Gayaneh and his Violin Concerto. The concerto was composed in 1940 and first performed and recorded by what violinist?

      Answer: David Oistrakh.

      Thursday, June 5

      American composer Daniel Pinkham was born 91 years ago today--in 1923. He died in 2006. He was the organist of King’s Chapel in Boston for 42 years and appeared as organist and harpsichordist with the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Pinkham’s most famous composition contains a setting of the text “Gloria in Excelsis Deo.” What is the name of the work from which this comes?

      Answer: Christmas Cantata.

      Wednesday, June 4

      Another film question today. The 1980 film Somewhere in Time was a romantic science fiction tale involving time travel starring Christopher Reeve and Jane Seymour. The film score was by John Barry. But what piece of classical music did he use as the main theme (or love theme) from Somewhere in Time?

      Answer: Rhapsody on a Theme by Paganini by Rachmaninoff—specifically the 18th variation.

      Tuesday, June 3

      Yet another film version of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby was released last summer. What American composer wrote an operatic version of The Great Gatsby which had its premiere at the Met in 1999 and was performed at Lyric Opera of Chicago the next season?

      Answer: John Harbison.

      Monday, June 2

      On this first weekday morning in June, we offer the following: "Oh, my love is like a red, red, rose that’s newly sprung in June. My love is like a melody that’s sweetly sung in tune.” Who wrote these lovely words?

      Answer: Scottish poet Robert Burns.